The PACS-project

Presentation of the Research Project on Physically Active Commuting in Greater Stockholm (PACS)

The PACS-project is a major study within the Research Unit for Movement, Health and Environment at the Åstrand Laboratory of Stockholm University College of Physical Education and Sport (GIH), see

The general aim of the project is to illuminate:

  1. what characterizes existing behavioural patterns and environments connected to physically active commuting to work in Greater Stockholm,
  2. the potential effects of these forms of physical activity on the physical and psychological health and well-being, and
  3. to what extent existing behavioural patterns are applicable within the population in Greater Stockholm under existing and enhanced circumstances.

Selected publications  

Schantz, Peter & Stigell, Erik 2005. What are the distances in physically active commuting from home to work/study place? A methodological survey (pdf, 90 kB) In: Proceedings from the 10th Annual Congress of the European College of Sport Sciences, Belgrade,.July 13-16, 2005, p. 129 Abstract.  

Stigell, Erik & Schantz, Peter, 2006. Physically active commuting between home and work/study place in Greater Stockholm (pdf, 55 kB). In: Proceedings from Transport Research Arena Europe. Greener, safer and smarter road transport for Europe. Conference of European Directors of Roads, European Commission & European Road Transport Research Advisory Council. Göteborg, Sweden June 12 th -15 th, 2006, Session 6:10:3, p. 109.   

Stigell, Erik & Schantz, Peter, 2008. Validity and reproducibility of different methods for determining route distances in physically active commuting. (pdf, 18 kB).  In: Proceedings from The 2nd International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, Amsterdam, April 13-16, 2008.  

Schantz, Peter. & Stigell, Erik, 2008. Distance, time and velocity as input data in cost-benefit analyses of physically active transportation. (pdf, 19 kB). In: Proceedings from The 2nd International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, Amsterdam, April 13-16, 2008

Stigell, Erik &  Schantz, Peter, 2008. Frequency of active commuting trips (pdf, 15 kB). In: Proceedings from the 1st Annual Conference of HEPA Europe, in Glasgow, 8-9 September 2008, (Abstract), p. 165.

Schantz, Peter & Stigell Erik, 2009. A criterion method for measuring route distance in physically active commuting (pdf, 60 kB). In: Med Sci Sports Exerc, 41 (2), 472-478.

Rosdahl, H., Gullstrand, L., Johansson, P., Salier-Eriksson, J. & Schantz, P. 2010. Evaluation of the Oxycon Mobile metabolic system against the Douglas bag method. Eur J Appl Physiol. 109 (2):159-171

Stigell, E. & Schantz, P. 2010. Methods for Determining Route Distances in Active Commuting - their Validity and Reproducibility. Journal of Transport Geography, In press  

Wahlgren, L., Stigell, E. & Schantz, P. 2010. The Active Commuting Route Environment Scale (ACRES): Development and Evaluation. Int J of Behav Nutr Phys Act 7:58  

Salier Eriksson, J., Rosdahl, H. & Schantz, P. 2012. Validity of the Oxycon Mobile metabolic system under field measuring conditions. Eur J Appl Physiol 112 (1): 345-355

Wahlgren, L. & Schantz, P. 2012. Exploring bikeability in a metropolitan setting: stimulating and hindering factors in commuting route environments. BMC Public Health 12:168


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